It’s something we all wonder about at some point in our lives…Can Cats Get Abortions?
Cats, in many ways, are like humans. They can get sick, they get pregnant, they can die, and, yes, they can get abortions. As you know, though, there’s nothing wrong with being a cat (or a human) during pregnancy. In fact, it’s just as easy to have a healthy baby as it is a healthy human. What about cats getting abortions? Is that possible? The answer, unfortunately, is yes. In fact, cats have a higher risk of having abortions than humans do.
Research has shown that cats have a lower rate of miscarriage than women do. But what about those unfortunate cases where a cat gets pregnant and the owner cannot save its life? Can cats get abortion?
What is Spontaneous Abortion?
Only purebred cats are predisposed to spontaneous non-infectious abortion during pregnancy. Cats that have had past pregnancy problems, on the other hand, are at a higher risk of spontaneous abortion.
Spontaneous abortion in pregnant cats can occur for a variety of causes, including bacterial or viral infection, illness, or reproductive difficulties. In the later stages of pregnancy, spontaneous abortion is more likely, and it may not impact all of the kittens in a litter.
Symptoms of Spontaneous Abortion in Cats
Some cats with spontaneous abortions may not display any signs or symptoms at all. Abnormal vaginal bleeding is the most prevalent symptom associated with abortion. If you detect any of the following signs in your cat, you should seek emergency veterinarian help:
Vaginal bleeding that is abnormal
In the vaginal area, there is a discharge or pus.
Returning to a state of heat/estrus
Fetal or placental tissue that has been delivered*
Abdominal size reduction
Signs of discomfort or pain
Diarrhea and/or vomiting
Loss of weight
*Do not handle any aborted fetal or placental material with your bare hands, as some infectious causes of spontaneous abortion can be transmitted to people. If you have any concerns about properly disposing of this material, contact your veterinarian right once.
Causes of Spontaneous Abortion in Cats
Cats can have spontaneous abortions for a variety of reasons. Cats that have had previous pregnancy problems are more likely to experience a spontaneous abortion. Purebred cats have a higher risk of spontaneous abortion than mixed breeds due to their history of inbreeding.
Spontaneous abortion can be caused by a variety of infectious illnesses. Feline herpesvirus, feline immunodeficiency virus, and feline leukemia are some of the most prevalent viral diseases that cause spontaneous miscarriage. During breeding, certain bacteria and protozoa can move from the vaginal to the womb, leading in spontaneous abortion.
Fertility problems in cats may also be to blame for spontaneous abortion. Hormonal abnormalities, genetic anomalies in the fetus, problems with placenta development, dystocia, and endometrial illness are just a few of the complications that might arise.
Some spontaneous abortions may be caused by something other than sickness or the reproductive system. Abortion can also be caused by extreme starvation, stress, or trauma. Abortion can be induced by systemic disorders that affect other sections of the body in some situations. In cats, certain drugs can also trigger spontaneous abortion.
Diagnosis of Spontaneous Abortion in Cats
Make sure your veterinarian is aware of the severity and duration of your cat’s symptoms, as well as any current drugs and any previous spontaneous abortions or pregnancy issues. Prepare to give them your entire medical history if they ask for it.
Your veterinarian will make a clear diagnosis by doing an abdominal x-ray to see if any fetuses are still in the womb. During this period, the veterinarian will check for possible underlying conditions and may use a variety of diagnostic tests, including as a blood count, urinalysis, and a feline leukemia virus test.
Treatment of Spontaneous Abortion in Cats
The treatment procedure will differ based on the cause. Depending on whether the cause is contagious or not, treatment may be more or less intrusive. Based on your cat’s individual needs, your veterinarian will advise you on the best course of therapy.
Abortions induced by an infection or underlying sickness may necessitate hospitalization. To prevent the disease from spreading, affected cats must be segregated. The type of treatment depends on the underlying ailment or infection. Intravenous fluid therapy may also be used if your cat has become dehydrated.
Surgery may be necessary for cats with certain disorders, such as inflammation of the reproductive organs or a life-threatening spontaneous abortion. To ensure the pregnancy’s viability, drug therapy, specifically terbutaline, may be required. Treatment may not be essential in some circumstances for otherwise healthy cats that have had a spontaneous abortion.
Recovery of Spontaneous Abortion in Cats
The underlying reason of spontaneous abortion in your cat will determine your cat’s recovery and prognosis. Always carefully follow your veterinarian’s post-treatment instructions.
If your cat has been prescribed antibiotics for a bacterial illness, it is critical that you continue to administer the prescription for the whole course of the therapy, even if the symptoms start to improve. Failure to do so could lead to an aggressive recurrence of the illness, as well as potential reproductive issues.
The vet will almost certainly arrange one or more follow-up appointments, especially if your cat was given terbutaline or another medicine to keep the pregnancy going. An ultrasound will be required once a week to check the pregnancy’s progress in these circumstances.
All of this leads me to ask, “Can cats get abortion?” The answer is yes, they absolutely can. It’s very common, especially in first-time mothers. In fact, some experts say that up to 90% of first-time mothers will experience some sort of abortion.